Volume 2, Issue 7 (July 2005)

    Influence of Exposure Conditions on Bacterial Adhesion to Zirconium Alloys

    (Received 16 August 2004; accepted 28 December 2004)

    Published Online: 2005

    CODEN: JAIOAD

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    Abstract

    In this paper we combine surface analytical techniques (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy, optical and electron microscopy) with viable counts and statistical ANOVA methods to determine the propensity for biological adhesion on zirconium alloy surfaces. We compare the adhesion of laboratory and clinical strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Zircaloy-2 and Zircadyne-705 materials. Thermal oxidation of the alloys prior to exposure to biological species is also investigated. We present data for 72-h incubation of bacteria and alloys in both shaken and stationary environments. The results of our statistical analysis and experimental observations are relevant to the use of zirconium-based materials for biomedical applications.


    Author Information:

    Yamokoski, EA
    Graduate Student, The University of Akron, Akron, OH

    Buczynski, BW
    Graduate Student, The University of Akron, Akron, OH

    Stojilovic, N
    Graduate Student, The University of Akron, Akron, OH

    Seabolt, JW
    Graduate Student, The University of Akron, Akron, OH

    Bloe, LM
    Undergraduate Student, The University of Akron, Akron, OH

    Foster, R
    Undergraduate Student, The University of Akron, Akron, OH

    Zito, N
    Undergraduate Student, The University of Akron, Akron, OH

    Kory, MM
    Associate Professor, The University of Akron, Akron, OH

    Steiner, RP
    Associate Professor, The University of Akron, Akron, OH

    Ramsier, RD
    Associate Professor, The University of Akron, Akron, OH


    Stock #: JAI12812

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI12812

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    Author
    Title Influence of Exposure Conditions on Bacterial Adhesion to Zirconium Alloys
    Symposium Titanium, Niobium, Zirconium, and Tantalum for Medical and Surgical Applications, 2004-11-10
    Committee F04