Volume 2, Issue 7 (July 2005)

    Modeling the Effects of Oversize Solute Additions on Radiation-Induced Segregation in Austenitic Stainless Steels

    (Received 11 June 2004; accepted 9 December 2004)

    Published Online: 2005

    CODEN: JAIOAD

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    Abstract

    Oversize solute additions to stainless steels hold promise for reducing radiation-induced segregation (RIS), possibly delaying the onset and severity of irradiation-assisted stress-corrosion cracking (IASCC). The Modified Inverse Kirkendall (MIK) model for RIS in austenitic stainless steels was adapted to include the effects of defect trapping, which is expected to be caused by oversized solutes, on RIS. The model accounts for the sensitivity of RIS to both dose rate and temperature. Model results show that the primary contribution to the reduction in RIS occurs through vacancy trapping and recombination with migrating interstitials, requiring strong solute binding energies on the order of 1.0 eV. The maximum reduction in RIS due to defect trapping increases with dose rate and temperature. The general trends of the model are consistent with experimental data from proton and neutron irradiations.


    Author Information:

    Hackett, MJ
    Graduate Student, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

    Was, GS
    Professor, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

    Simonen, EP
    Staff Scientist, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA


    Stock #: JAI12402

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI12402

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    Author
    Title Modeling the Effects of Oversize Solute Additions on Radiation-Induced Segregation in Austenitic Stainless Steels
    Symposium Effects of Radiation on Materials: 22nd International Symposium, 2004-06-10
    Committee E10