Volume 2, Issue 5 (May 2005)

    Microstructure and Growth Mechanism of Oxide Layers Formed on Zr Alloys Studied with Micro-Beam Synchrotron Radiation

    (Received 19 April 2004; accepted 18 October 2004)

    Published Online: 2005

    CODEN: JAIOAD

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    Abstract

    The structures of oxides formed in water and lithiated water on three Zr-based alloys with varied corrosion behavior were studied with micro-beam synchrotron radiation and optical microscopy. Micro-beam synchrotron radiation (0.2 μm spot) has a unique combination of high elemental sensitivity (ppm level) and fine spatial resolution that allowed the determination of various oxide characteristics such as phase content, texture, grain size, and composition as a function of distance from the oxide-metal interface.

    Micro-beam X-ray fluorescence shows that the oxides formed in lithiated water have increased levels of Fe absorbed from the autoclave environment indicating greater oxide porosity in these oxides. The phase content, texture, and grain size of oxides were studied in detail using synchrotron radiation micro-beam diffraction for samples corroded in water and lithiated water. A remarkable periodicity was observed in the oxide structures using various techniques including X-ray peak intensities for both monoclinic and tetragonal zirconia, texture, and optical microscopy. The periods were similar to the transition period and were less visible in the oxides that behaved worse in lithiated water. These results are discussed in terms of models of oxide growth and of the differences between alloys.


    Author Information:

    Motta, AT
    Professor and Graduate Student, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

    Yilmazbayhan, A
    Professor and Graduate Student, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA

    Comstock, RJ
    Consulting Engineer and Senior Engineer, Westinghouse Electric Co., Pittsburgh, PA

    Partezana, J
    Consulting Engineer and Senior Engineer, Westinghouse Electric Co., Pittsburgh, PA

    Sabol, GP
    Consultant, Westinghouse Electric Co., Pittsburgh, PA

    Lai, B
    Research Scientist, Advanced Photon Source, XFD 401 B3194, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL

    Cai, Z
    Research Scientist, Advanced Photon Source, XFD 401 B3194, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL


    Stock #: JAI12375

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI12375

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    Author
    Title Microstructure and Growth Mechanism of Oxide Layers Formed on Zr Alloys Studied with Micro-Beam Synchrotron Radiation
    Symposium Zirconium in the Nuclear Industry: Fourteenth International Symposium, 2004-06-15
    Committee B10