Probabilistic Life Prediction Isn't as Easy as It Looks

    Volume 1, Issue 2 (February 2004)

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    CODEN: JAIOAD

    Published Online: 18 February 2004

    Page Count: 12


    Annis, C
    Principal, Charles Annis, P.E., Statistical Engineering, Palm Beach Gardens, FL

    (Received 29 August 2002; accepted 11 August 2003)

    Abstract

    Many engineers effect “probabilistic life prediction” by replacing constants with probability distributions and carefully modeling the physical relationships among the parameters. Surprisingly, the statistical relationships among the “constants” are often given short shrift, if not ignored altogether. Few recognize that while this simple substitution of distributions for constants will indeed produce a nondeterministic result, the corresponding “probabilities” are often woefully inaccurate. In fact, even the “trend” can be wrong, so these results can't even be used for sensitivity studies. This paper explores the familiar Paris equation relating crack growth rate and applied stress intensity to illustrate many statistical realities that are often ignored by otherwise careful engineers. Although the examples are Monte Carlo, the lessons also apply to other methods of probabilistic life prediction, including FORM/SORM (First/Second Order Reliability Method) and related “fast probability integration” methods.


    Paper ID: JAI11557

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI11557

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    Author
    Title Probabilistic Life Prediction Isn't as Easy as It Looks
    Symposium Probabilistic Aspects of Life Prediction, 2002-11-06
    Committee E08