Measurement of Pore Size and Porosity of Tissue Scaffolds

    Volume 1, Issue 1 (January 2004)

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    CODEN: JAIOAD

    Published Online: 5 January 2004

    Page Count: 8


    Tomlins, P
    Materials Centre, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex

    Grant, P
    Materials Centre, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex

    Mikhalovsky, S
    School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Science, University of Brighton,

    James, S
    School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Science, University of Brighton,

    Mikhalovska, L
    School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Science, University of Brighton,

    (Received 4 November 2002; accepted 15 April 2003)

    Abstract

    Tissue engineering involves seeding the patient's cells on to a three-dimensional temporary scaffold. It is becoming increasingly obvious that cells used to seed the scaffold have very specific requirements concerning the morphology and chemistry of the surface of the scaffold and its interconnectivity. A range of techniques has been examined in relation to key measurements such as pore size and porosity. Since capillary flow porometry measures a pore solely at its most constricted point, the method is unable to provide characterisation of other aspects of the pore. Scanning Electron Microscopy is limited to examining surface pores in ‘stiff’ scaffolds. Although cryo-SEM reduces the amount of ice-induced damage generated in ‘soft’ scaffolds upon freezing, the technique is limited to the same constraints. Images produced via scanning confocal microscopy are probably more representative of the true structure of the scaffold than that implied by cryo-SEM, although due to the diffuse nature of the image it is difficult to measure pore sizes.


    Paper ID: JAI11510

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI11510

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    Author
    Title Measurement of Pore Size and Porosity of Tissue Scaffolds
    Symposium Tissue Engineered Medical Products (TEMPs), 2002-11-06
    Committee F04