Volume 1, Issue 2 (February 2004)

    Intimidation in Ice Hockey: An Exploratory Assessment

    (Received 27 June 2002; accepted 20 January 2003)

    Published Online: 2004

    CODEN: JAIOAD

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    Abstract

    The purpose of this investigation was to examine the components of intimidation in ice hockey and to determine their effects on players, coaches, and referees. In a pilot test, hockey coaches (N = 17) from three levels of participation were invited to an informal, exploratory symposium to assess their opinions on the role of intimidation in ice hockey. The following themes emerged: a) coaches' behavior and expectations, b) observable behavior, c) player's perceived role, and d) sociological factors. A preliminary intimidation model was developed. A survey including 80 open-ended questionnaires designed to stimulate discussion on the definition of intimidation, methods used to intimidate, and factors perceived as intimidating, was distributed to players (N = 66), coaches (N = 8), and referees (N = 6). The data were analyzed using qualitative methods [1,2] and intimidation was defined. Results support a theoretical model, which serves as a point of departure for future research and visually depicts the components of intimidation and their interactions.


    Author Information:

    Crawford, BJ
    Undergraduate Student at St. Olaf College and Volunteer Research Assistant in Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Center, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

    Stuart, MJ
    Co-director, Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Center, Professor, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

    Smith, AM
    Sport Psychology Counselor, Research Director, Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Center, Assistant Professor, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN

    Brennan, RD
    Research Assistant, 2001–2002, Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Center, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN


    Stock #: JAI11291

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI11291

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    Author
    Title Intimidation in Ice Hockey: An Exploratory Assessment
    Symposium Safety in Ice Hockey: Fourth Volume, 2002-05-05
    Committee F08