Volume 9, Issue 1 (January 2012)
In-Vitro Wear and Radiographic Analyses of High Flexion Posterior Stabilized Mobile- and Fixed-Bearing Knee Implants
In vitro wear tests results and 2-year follow up radiographic analyses of implanted fixed- and mobile-bearing LPS Flex knees are compared. The two knee designs use gamma-sterilized GUR 1050 ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) patellae and tibial inserts, and the same CoCrMo alloy (ASTM F 75) femoral components. The in vitro wear tests were performed on six fixed- and six mobile-bearing knee implants using modified ISO 14243-3 load and kinematic waveforms. Tests were conducted at a frequency of 1 Hz for 5 × 106 cycles (Mc) in bovine serum lubricant. Two year follow up radiographic analyses were performed on 341 patients implanted with 173 mobile- and 168 fixed-bearing implants. Average accumulative in vitro polyethylene wear rates of the mobile- and fixed-bearing knees were 19.9 ± 5.1 mg/Mc and 14.2 ± 2.1 mg/Mc, respectively. There is no statistically significant difference in the wear rates of both devices (p > 0.05, Mann–Whitney test). Overall survivorship at two years with revision for any reason as the endpoint was 99.3 % for the mobile group and 100 % in the fixed group. There was no evidence of tibial, femoral, or patella bone loss at the two year follow up. The mean active range of motion increased from 110.8° to 127.0° in the mobile- bearing group and from 110.7° to 127.2° in the fixed-bearing one. Overall, radiographic evaluation showed similar performance of both devices.