Volume 9, Issue 1 (January 2012)
Use of Ferrochromium Slag as an Artificial Aggregate in Pavement Layers
This paper reports the results of experiments aiming to identify the properties of ferrochromium slag when it is used as an artificial aggregate for preparation of granular layers of flexible pavements. The experimental program consisted of three stages: (1) study of the physical and chemical properties of slag, (2) leaching of heavy elements of slag in terms of environmental impact, (3) study of the mechanical properties of specimens made with ferrochromium slag and limestone as aggregate. In the laboratory, cylindrically prepared specimens were tested in a repeated load triaxial (RLT) test apparatus. In addition, particle size analysis, abrasion, frost resistance, compaction, CA bearing ratio, and leaching tests were performed on the materials prior to RLT testing. The results indicate that the physical and mechanical properties of air-cooled ferrochromium slag are as good as those of natural aggregates. It can be used as a base or sub-base material in highway pavements and as an embankment material. Furthermore, the use of the slag as aggregate in pavement layers reduces the requirement for natural aggregates and saves the existing natural resources.