Comparison of Two Bone Surrogates for Interbody Device Subsidence Testing

    Volume 9, Issue 1 (January 2012)

    ISSN: 1546-962X


    Published Online: 12 September 2011

    Page Count: 7

    Aiyangar, Ameet K.
    Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison,

    Au, Anthony G.
    Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison,

    Anderson, Paul A.
    Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison,

    Ploeg, Heidi-Lynn
    Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison,

    (Received 15 October 2010; accepted 5 August 2011)


    Bone surrogates are proposed alternatives to human cadaveric vertebrae for assessing interbody device subsidence. Polyurethane foam blocks are an accepted surrogate for cancellous bone but do not share their heterogeneous bone density distribution. Synthetic vertebrae have been recently developed as an alternative bone surrogate with representations of cortices, endplates, and cancellous bone. The efficacy of each surrogate was evaluated by uniaxially indenting it with an interbody device. The force-displacement curve profiles, failure forces, and depth of implant subsidence were compared for devices seated centrally and peripherally on the surrogates. The synthetic endplate mimicked human endplates through a gradually increasing endplate thickness toward the periphery. This enabled the synthetic vertebrae to provide additional subsidence resistance to implants seated at the periphery. By contrast, the foam block was insensitive to implant placement. Absence of failure in synthetic vertebrae from peripheral implant indentation suggests the synthetic endplate is stronger than human endplates but further study with human cadaveric vertebrae is needed.

    Paper ID: JAI103498

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI103498

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    Title Comparison of Two Bone Surrogates for Interbody Device Subsidence Testing
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee F04