Volume 9, Issue 2 (February 2012)
Mechanical and Microstrutural Characterization of Weldments of Ferritic Stainless Steel AISI 444 Using Austenitic Stainless Steels Filler Metals
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the filler metal on the microstructure and mechanical properties of ferritic stainless steel AISI 444 welded using two types of filler metal of austenitic stainless steel. Microstructure examinations showed that in both welded joints grain growth occurred in the heat affected zone (HAZ). The results also showed that the fusion zone of the weld joints using E309L filler metal presented a discontinuous network of delta ferrite unlike the fusion zone of the weld joint using E316L. Tensile tests showed that the failures of specimens always occurred in the HAZ and that the weldments using E316L filler metal presented tensile strength lower than that of the weldment using E309L filler metal. In the fusion zone of the weldments using E316L filler metal, values for hardness were found to be higher than those found in the fusion zone of the E309L filler metal.