Volume 7, Issue 7 (July 2010)

    Spray Drift Reduction Technology Adjuvant Evaluation

    (Received 4 December 2009; accepted 25 May 2010)

    Published Online: 2010

    CODEN: JAIOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 19 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    Twelve commercial drift reduction agents were evaluated for their characteristics in the three most commonly accepted parameters for spray droplet size formation—extensional viscosity, dynamic surface tension, and kinematic viscosity. Samples were sprayed in both water and in the presence of a commercial herbicide formulation. The spray droplet spectra for these agents were then determined under rigorous control, in still-air conditions, using a Sympatec HELOS/KF laser diffraction particle size analyzer. Spraying an actual pesticide formulation that contains a wetting agent is important because the surfactant present reduces dynamic surface tension and can significantly reduce spray droplet diameter. The aerosol particle size distributions were measured using an electronic actuator that moved the nozzle spray pattern through the laser in a reproducible manner. There are multiple mechanisms that can influence both volume mean diameter and percent fines below 105 microns. There are natural and synthetic water-soluble polymers that function by increasing extensional viscosity. There are oil products that produce emulsions that keep small spray drops from forming. The droplet spectra for the different commercial products were grouped according to their specific drift reduction mechanism in order to see if a better correlation could be made on how they individually affected the resulting droplet particle size distribution.


    Author Information:

    Elsik, Curtis M.
    Huntsman Corp., The Woodlands, TX

    Stridde, Howard M.
    Huntsman Corp., The Woodlands, TX

    Schweiner, Tammy M.
    Huntsman Corp., The Woodlands, TX


    Stock #: JAI102902

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI102902

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Spray Drift Reduction Technology Adjuvant Evaluation
    Symposium Pesticide Formulations and Delivery Systems: Regulations and Innovation, 2010-10-22
    Committee E35