Use of Fiber Optic and Electrical Resistance Sensors for Monitoring Moisture Movement in Building Stones Subjected to Simulated Climatic Conditions

    Volume 7, Issue 1 (January 2010)

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    CODEN: JAIOAD

    Published Online: 23 November 2009

    Page Count: 11


    Srinivasan, S.
    School of Planning, Architecture, and Civil Engineering, Queens Univ. Belfast, Northern Ireland,

    Basheer, P. A. M.
    School of Planning, Architecture, and Civil Engineering, Queens Univ. Belfast, Northern Ireland,

    Smith, B. J.
    School of Geography, Archeology, and Palaeoecology, Queens Univ. Belfast, Northern Ireland,

    Gomez-Heras, M.
    School of Geography, Archeology, and Palaeoecology, Queens Univ. Belfast, Northern Ireland,

    Grattan, K. T. V.
    School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, City Univ., Northampton SquareLondon,

    Sun, T.
    School of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, City Univ., Northampton SquareLondon,

    (Received 31 March 2009; accepted 12 October 2009)

    Abstract

    Moisture is critical to the weathering of stone buildings and almost all weathering processes in building stones are influenced by the presence of moisture—especially the cyclic process of repeated ingress and egress of moisture that promotes their decay. Therefore, monitoring the moisture distribution in building stones is essential in understanding the material behaviour and degradation mechanisms associated with stone decay. In this study two real-time monitoring systems, viz. fiber optic sensor probe for relative humidity and electrical resistance sensors are compared by placing them, together with commercially available thermistors and humidity probe, at different depths in a limestone block in order to characterise patterns of moisture and temperature changes with depth from the exposure surface. This surface was then exposed to simulated wetting by a water spray, short-term cycles of heating and cooling beneath an infrared lamp to mimic solar radiation, and an intermittent air flow across the surface of the block. The experiment was conducted within an environmental chamber that kept ambient air temperature at 20°C. Results indicate that variations in external environmental factors, such as wind and intermittent heating cycles, can significantly affect the temperature and moisture variations in building stones.


    Paper ID: JAI102448

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI102448

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    Author
    Title Use of Fiber Optic and Electrical Resistance Sensors for Monitoring Moisture Movement in Building Stones Subjected to Simulated Climatic Conditions
    Symposium Second Symposium on Heat-Air-Moisture Transport: Measurements and Implications in Buildings, 2009-04-20
    Committee C16