Volume 6, Issue 6 (June 2009)

    The Effect of Adjuvants, Pesticide Formulation, and Spray Nozzle Tips on Spray Droplet Size

    (Received 29 September 2008; accepted 6 April 2009)

    Published Online: 2009

    CODEN: JAIOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version 7 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    Many factors, including adjuvants, pesticide formulations, and nozzle tips, affect spray droplet size. It is important to understand these factors as spray droplet size affects both drift and efficacy of pesticides, which is a main concern with pesticide application. A laser particle analyzer was used to determine the spray droplet size and distributions of a range of formulations sprayed through several types of nozzle tips. Nozzles included were extended range flat fan sizes 11003 and 11005 (Spraying Systems XR), air induction flat fan sizes 11005 and 11004 (AI), air induction extended range flat fan size 11005 (AIXR), preorifice flat fan size 11005 (TT), and a second preorifice flat fan size 2.5 (TF). Several deposition/retention adjuvants were studied, including Array, Interlock, In-Place, and Thrust. Another study looked at diflufenzopyr + dicamba (Status, BASF) in combination with several adjuvants. Also, three fungicides were evaluated at differing spray volumes. Results indicated that the droplet size of some nozzle tips is more affected than others by changes in the contents of the spray solution.


    Author Information:

    Klein, Robert N.
    University of Nebraska WCREC, North Platte, 402 West State Farm RoadNE

    Golus, Jeffrey A.
    University of Nebraska WCREC, North Platte, 402 West State Farm RoadNE

    Nelms, Kelli L.
    University of Nebraska WCREC, North Platte, 402 West State Farm RoadNE


    Stock #: JAI102156

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI102156

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title The Effect of Adjuvants, Pesticide Formulation, and Spray Nozzle Tips on Spray Droplet Size
    Symposium 29th Symposium on Pesticide Formulations and Delivery Systems, 2008-10-02
    Committee E29