Volume 5, Issue 10 (November 2008)
A Review of Peripheral Vascular Deformations due to Respiration and Musculoskeletal Influences
The vascular system is extremely dynamic with motions generated from cardiac pulsatility, respiration, and musculoskeletal influences. This paper reviews in vivo non-pulsatile, non-radial deformations in the abdominal aorta, and iliac, superficial femoral, renal, and carotid arteries. Medical imaging modalities and geometric modeling and quantification techniques are also briefly outlined. The axial strain, twisting, and bending deformations of these arteries are essential for establishing the boundary conditions by which to evaluate, regulate, and design vascular implants.