Update on Injury Trends in Alpine Skiing

    Volume 5, Issue 10 (November 2008)

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    CODEN: JAIOAD

    Published Online: 6 November 2008

    Page Count: 12


    Johnson, Robert J.
    University of Vermont College of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedics, Burlington, Vermont

    Ettlinger, Carl F.
    Vermont Safety Research, Underhill Center, Vermont

    Shealy, Jasper E.
    Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester,

    (Received 25 July 2008; accepted 2 October 2008)

    Abstract

    Over the 34 years from December of 1972 to April of 2006 the authors evaluated prospectively 18,696 injuries sustained by 17,193 skiers and reported to the injury clinic operated in the base lodge of a medium-sized northern Vermont ski area. Data from a total of 3966 randomly selected uninjured controls were also collected. Over the period approximately 6,780,940 skier-visits were accrued by the area. The overall injury rate dropped by 55 % over the 34 years of the study to 1.9 injuries per thousand skier visits. Among lower extremity injuries only tibial plateau fractures produced a statistically significant negative trend. Twist-related lower leg injuries improved the most with a net reduction of 87 % over 34 years. Bending-related lower leg injuries showed no improvement in the last half of the study. Overall, the incidence of knee ligament injuries changed very little. However, the incidence of minor to moderate sprains diminished by 77 % while severe knee sprains, usually involving the anterior cruciate ligament, increased by 268 % through the early 90s. Since then there has been a 37 % improvement. Among upper body injuries only clavicle and humerus fractures produced statistically significant negative trends.


    Paper ID: JAI102046

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI102046

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    Author
    Title Update on Injury Trends in Alpine Skiing
    Symposium 17th Symposium on Skiing Trauma and Safety, 2007-05-19
    Committee F27