Volume 7, Issue 1 (January 2010)
Predicting Dynamic Segregation of Self-Consolidating Concrete from the Slump-Flow Test
Two key characteristics of self-consolidating concrete are flowability and segregation resistance. Quality control of flowability is typically predicted by the final diameter of the slump-flow test. In this paper, experimental results demonstrate that dynamic segregation of a self-consolidating concrete mix can also be predicted from the slump-flow test by measuring the time it takes for the flow to reach its final diameter. For a constant final diameter and aggregate content, increasing the time to final diameter led to a more stable mix. Two sets of slump-flow and segregation data were obtained for flow diameters of 65 and 70 cm, both with constant water-to-binder and aggregate-to-binder ratios. Dynamic segregation was determined by comparing the aggregate content in three regions: Within the diameter of the slump cone, between the diameter of the cone and a diameter of 50 cm, and between a diameter of 50 cm and the final diameter. In addition, the rapid penetration test was used to compare dynamic and static segregation characteristics.