Volume 6, Issue 10 (November 2009)

    An Analysis of Head Impact Profiles and Safe Hockey Behaviors in Youth Hockey Players

    (Received 27 May 2008; accepted 18 August 2009)

    Published Online: 2009

    CODEN: JAIOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version 7 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    Although injury risk factors can be described in biomechanical terms, previous research has not described the relationship between style of play and the frequency and magnitude of head impacts. This paper is focused on the analysis of head impact profiles and safe hockey behaviors demonstrated during contact situations in a cohort of 13 Bantam-aged minor hockey players. Head impacts sustained at 27 home games during the 2006–2007 season were measured using the Head Impact Telemetry System (HITS). Hockey helmets (Canadian Standards Association approved) were equipped with six linear accelerometers and a wireless system that transmitted data to a receiver interfaced with a computer. Nine games were recorded using a field videography system to capture player collisions. A HITS profile was determined, which included the number of impacts (>10 g) (“g”=m/sec2) by player, the total number of impacts, the average number of impacts per game, and the mean linear acceleration value for all impacts per player. Based on these results, ten taped trials for the players sustaining greater than 180 total impacts over the season were qualitatively analyzed using a checklist to examine the safe hockey behaviors associated with body contacts. We captured 2753 head impacts over the season, with the average number of impacts per player per game ranging from 3 to 16 with a mean linear acceleration of 15.8 g (standard deviation=13.76). The checklist of safe hockey behaviors was used to analyze skating performance for a group of five players who experienced more than 180 impacts, with some impact magnitudes exceeding 98 g. In general, differences in indicators of skating skill, body position prior to check/contact, and actions during the contact were observed. While specific players may be predisposed to head impacts of a greater frequency and magnitude because of their style of play, these characteristics can be changed to reduce risk of potential injury.


    Author Information:

    McPherson, Moira N.
    School of Kinesiology, Lakehead Univ., Thunder Bay, ON

    Montelpare, William J.
    School of Kinesiology, Lakehead Univ., Thunder Bay, ON

    Keightley, Michelle
    Dept. of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy and Dept. of Rehabilitation Science, Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, ON

    Reed, Nicholas
    Dept. of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy and Dept. of Rehabilitation Science, Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, ON

    Sutherland, Malcolm
    School of Kinesiology, Lakehead Univ., Thunder Bay, ON

    Taha, Tim
    School of Physical and Health Education, Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, ON

    McAuliffe, Jim
    School of Physical Education, Nipissing Univ., North Bay, ON

    Baker, Joseph R.
    School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York Univ., Toronto, ON

    Cubos, Jeff
    School of Kinesiology and Health Sciences, York Univ., Toronto, ON

    Faught, Brent
    Dept. of Community Health Sciences, Brock Univ., St. Catharines, ON


    Stock #: JAI101908

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI101908

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title An Analysis of Head Impact Profiles and Safe Hockey Behaviors in Youth Hockey Players
    Symposium Fifth International Symposium on Safety in Ice Hockey, 2008-05-05
    Committee F08