Electrochemical and in-situ SERS Study of Passive Film Characteristics and Corrosion Performance of 9%Cr Microcomposite Steel in Highly Alkaline Environments

    Volume 6, Issue 5 (May 2009)

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    CODEN: JAIOAD

    Published Online: 14 May 2009

    Page Count: 10


    Mancio, M.
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California,

    Kusinski, G.
    Advanced Materials Research and Development, Chevron Energy Technology Company, Richmond, CA

    Monteiro, P. J. M.
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California,

    Devine, T. M.
    Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California,

    (Received 2 June 2008; accepted 2 March 2009)

    Abstract

    The passive films formed on the 9%Cr, 0.1%C, microcomposite steels (ASTM A1035) in highly alkaline environments, such as concrete pore solutions, were studied. In-situ surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) was conducted during cyclic potentiodynamic polarization experiments to characterize the formation and breakdown mechanisms of the passive films formed. A solution of 0.55 M KOH + 0.16 M NaOH, with and without chlorides (0 % and 3.5 % NaCl), was used for the SERS experiments. In addition, the corrosion performance of microcomposite steels as a function of pH (9–13) and ionic strength of the solution (from 10-5 to 10-1 M) was evaluated via polarization resistance (Rp) experiments, and compared to the performance of regular carbon steel. Results show that the passive film formed on the microcomposite steel seems to be characterized mainly by the presence of Cr(OH)3 and minor amounts of Fe species; more specifically Fe3O4 and a Fe(III) phase. The film is considerably more protective than that formed on conventional carbon steel under the same test conditions. Microcomposite steel has not shown a reduction of polarization resistance as a function of pH drop when the ionic strength of the medium was kept constant, in a stark contrast to the behavior verified for the regular carbon steel rebar.


    Paper ID: JAI101903

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI101903

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Electrochemical and in-situ SERS Study of Passive Film Characteristics and Corrosion Performance of 9%Cr Microcomposite Steel in Highly Alkaline Environments
    Symposium Symposium on Corrosion Life Cycle Planning and Optimization, 2007-11-15
    Committee G01