Volume 6, Issue 1 (January 2009)

    Heat Transfer During Quenching and Assessment of Quench Severity—A Review

    (Received 15 April 2008; accepted 14 November 2008)

    Published Online: 2009


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    In the heat treatment of steel, quenching is done to prevent ferrite or pearlite formation and allows formation of bainite and martensite. For a particular grade of steel, the effectiveness of quenching depends on the cooling characteristics of the quenching medium. The cooling rate is not a constant throughout the quenching process; instead it varies depending upon the various stages that occur during the quenching process. Knowledge of heat transfer during various stages of quenching and kinetics of wetting of the quench medium is fundamental to the understanding of the relationship between material, quench medium, microstructure, and properties. In this paper the characteristics of various quench media, the effect of process parameters on quenching, mechanisms of thermal transport, methods of assessing severity of quenching, and techniques of estimation of heat transfer coefficients are reviewed. An attempt is also made to highlight the importance of wetting kinetics of liquid media on quenching.

    Author Information:

    Prabhu, K. Narayan
    National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Srinivasnagar, Mangalore

    Fernandes, Peter
    Formerly Graduate Student, National Institute of Technology Karnataka and now with the Department of Mechanical Engineering, NMAM Institute of Technology, Nitte, Karkala

    Stock #: JAI101784

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI101784

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    Title Heat Transfer During Quenching and Assessment of Quench Severity—A Review
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee A01