Volume 6, Issue 1 (January 2009)
Heat Transfer During Quenching and Assessment of Quench Severity—A Review
In the heat treatment of steel, quenching is done to prevent ferrite or pearlite formation and allows formation of bainite and martensite. For a particular grade of steel, the effectiveness of quenching depends on the cooling characteristics of the quenching medium. The cooling rate is not a constant throughout the quenching process; instead it varies depending upon the various stages that occur during the quenching process. Knowledge of heat transfer during various stages of quenching and kinetics of wetting of the quench medium is fundamental to the understanding of the relationship between material, quench medium, microstructure, and properties. In this paper the characteristics of various quench media, the effect of process parameters on quenching, mechanisms of thermal transport, methods of assessing severity of quenching, and techniques of estimation of heat transfer coefficients are reviewed. An attempt is also made to highlight the importance of wetting kinetics of liquid media on quenching.