Volume 4, Issue 1 (January 2007)

    An Application of Thermal Analysis to Household Waste

    (Received 3 March 2006; accepted 4 October 2006)

    CODEN: JAIOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version 10 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    Thermal analysis combined with composition analysis has been used in this work to identify evolved gas when burning household waste. Thermogravimetry (TG) coupled with Fourier transform infrared (FITR) spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (TG-FTIR-MS) offers structural identification of compounds evolved during thermal processes. Carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen elemental analysis and XRD offers raw materials information. All these combined can help to evaluate the chemical pathway for the degradation reactions by determining the decomposition products. For comparison purposes, emitted species concentrations are measured with multiple-sensors when burning household waste in a lab-scale fluidized bed combustor. There is excellent agreement between the two different approaches. The measured results also provided some insight into burning household waste as an energy source in large-scale incinerators.


    Author Information:

    Cheng, Z
    Western Kentucky University, Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology, Bowling Green, KY

    Chen, H
    Western Kentucky University, Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology, Bowling Green, KY

    Zhang, Y
    Western Kentucky University, Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology, Bowling Green, KY

    Hack, P
    Western Kentucky University, Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology, Bowling Green, KY

    Pan, W-P
    Western Kentucky University, Institute for Combustion Science and Environmental Technology, Bowling Green, KY


    Stock #: JAI100523

    ISSN: 1546-962X

    DOI: 10.1520/JAI100523

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title An Application of Thermal Analysis to Household Waste
    Symposium Techniques on Thermal Analysis: Hyphenated Techniques, Thermal Analysis of the Surface and Fast Rate Analysis, 2004-05-24
    Committee D34