Volume 37, Issue 5 (September 2014)

    Insight into the Effects of Gradation on the Pore Pressure Generation of Sand–Silt Mixtures

    (Received 28 March 2013; accepted 21 April 2014)

    Published Online: 2014

    CODEN: GTJOAD

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    Abstract

    Liquefaction of saturated sandy soils has been considered as the main cause of most geotechnical hazards during earthquakes. Generation of excess pore water pressures in saturated silty sands when subjected to monotonic, cyclic, and earthquake loading has been shown to cause the liquefaction, which can be defined as the transformation of stable soil structure into unstable liquid form. The proposed research investigated the effect of grading characteristics on the generated excess pore water pressure of sand–silt mixture samples in loose, medium dense, and dense states. The laboratory investigation aimed at understanding the extent or degree at which excess pore pressure of sand–silt mixture soil is affected by its gradation under static loading conditions. For the purpose of clarifying and evaluating the generated pore pressure characteristics of sandy soils, a series of undrained monotonic triaxial tests were carried out on different reconstituted samples of sand–silt mixtures with various gradations. The soil samples were tested under a constant confining pressure (σ3 = 100 kPa) and at three relative densities (Dr = 20 %, 53 %, and 91 %). The results from this laboratory investigation were used to develop insight into the pore water pressure response of sand and sand–silt mixtures under monotonic loading conditions. The analysis of the obtained data revealed that the grading characteristics [D10, D50, Cu, effective size ratio (ESR), and mean grain size ratio (MGSR)] have significant influence on the generation of the excess pore water pressure. It was found that maximum positive excess pore water pressure (Δumax) can be correlated to the grading characteristics for the sand–silt mixture. The ESR and MGSR appear as pertinent parameters to predict the excess pore water pressure response of the sand–silt mixtures for soil gradation under study.


    Author Information:

    Belkhatir, Mostefa
    Laboratory of Foundation Engineering, Soil and Rock Mechanics, Bochum Ruhr Univ.,

    Laboratory of Materials Sciences and Environment, Hassiba Benbouali University of Chlef,

    Schanz, Tom
    Laboratory of Foundation Engineering, Soil and Rock Mechanics, Bochum Ruhr Univ.,

    Arab, Ahmed
    Laboratory of Materials Sciences and Environment, Hassiba Benbouali University of Chlef,

    Della, Noureddine
    Laboratory of Materials Sciences and Environment, Hassiba Benbouali University of Chlef,

    Kadri, Abdelkader
    Laboratory of Materials Sciences and Environment, Hassiba Benbouali University of Chlef,


    Stock #: GTJ20130051

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ20130051

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    Author
    Title Insight into the Effects of Gradation on the Pore Pressure Generation of Sand–Silt Mixtures
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D13