Influences on Pipeline Interface Friction Measured in Direct Shear Tests

    Volume 37, Issue 1 (January 2014)

    ISSN: 0149-6115


    Published Online: 30 October 2013

    Page Count: 14

    Ganesan, Senthil
    Cambridge Univ., Cambridge,

    Kuo, Matthew
    Cambridge Univ., Cambridge,

    Bolton, Malcolm
    Cambridge Univ., Cambridge,

    (Received 8 January 2013; accepted 26 September 2013)


    This paper presents the design and use of an interface direct shear testing device called the Cam-shear apparatus. This device permits the testing of very soft marine clays against pipeline interface material, and can be utilised to determine the interface friction value and the soil strength. The results from a series of interface and soil–soil tests using reconstituted, reconsolidated marine clays are presented. The Cam-shear device is shown to be a useful tool for pipeline design, particularly where very low normal stress levels are required, with stresses ranging from 1 to 4.5 kPa presented herein. The results demonstrate that the peak interface friction value is influenced by the preconsolidation pressure (overconsolidation ratio), the rate of shearing (governed by the drainage condition) and the interface roughness (rough or smooth). The rate at which peak strength reduces is strongly dependent on both the rate of shearing and the interface roughness.

    Paper ID: GTJ20130008

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ20130008

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Title Influences on Pipeline Interface Friction Measured in Direct Shear Tests
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18