Volume 36, Issue 4 (July 2013)

    Combined Resonant Column and Cyclic Triaxial Tests for Measuring Undrained Shear Modulus Reduction of Sand With Plastic Fines

    (Received 27 June 2012; accepted 5 April 2013)

    Published Online: 2013

    CODEN: GTJOAD

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the undrained shear stiffness of sand–bentonite specimens (with 0 %, 3 %, and 5 % bentonite by dry mass of the sand) prepared at the same skeleton void ratio (Drsk = 35 % to 40 %) using a dry pluviation technique. The experimental program consisted of (1) small strain tests using a resonant column apparatus and (2) large strain tests using a cyclic triaxial apparatus. The resonant column tests were performed at three confining stress levels (50, 100, and 193 kPa) under drained and undrained conditions. A comparison of the shear modulus reduction with shear strains for both drained and undrained conditions is presented; the effects of changes in effective stresses and the rate of modulus reduction as a function of the effective stress are discussed to describe the discrepancy between the two sets of data. The results show a marginal decrease in Gmax for specimens with bentonite, which is attributed to the presence of bentonite at the sand grain contacts. However, the presence of bentonite increases the linear elastic threshold, particularly in the case of undrained tests, in which a noticeable delay in excess pore pressure generation was measured. The strain level required in order to initiate excess pore pressure generation increased with increasing bentonite content. A similar trend was noted in cyclic triaxial tests, in which, for a given strain, specimens with bentonite generated lower excess pressure than sand specimens tested under similar conditions. Finally, a combined normalized G/Gmax curve from both tests is presented for specimens with 0 %, 3 %, and 5 % bentonite at 100 kPa.


    Author Information:

    El Mohtar, Chadi S.
    Dept. of Civil, Architecture, and Environmental Engineering, The Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

    Drnevich, Vincent P.
    School of Civil Engineering, Purdue Univ., W. Lafayette, IN

    Santagata, Marika
    School of Civil Engineering, Purdue Univ., W. Lafayette, IN

    Bobet, Antonio
    School of Civil Engineering, Purdue Univ., W. Lafayette, IN


    Stock #: GTJ20120129

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ20120129

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    Author
    Title Combined Resonant Column and Cyclic Triaxial Tests for Measuring Undrained Shear Modulus Reduction of Sand With Plastic Fines
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18