Volume 26, Issue 3 (September 2003)
Electro-Osmotic Consolidation of Soft Bangkok Clay Using Copper and Carbon Electrodes with PVD
Electro-osmotic consolidation of Bangkok clay using copper and carbon electrodes with prefabricated vertical drain was studied. A laboratory testing program was conducted on undisturbed and reconstituted samples in a small cylinder cell and a large consolidometer in order to assess the probable effectiveness of electro-osmotic treatment. The tests were performed under the voltage gradients of 60 and 120 V/m with a polarity reversal of every 24 h. The time to achieve 90% degree of consolidation induced by electro-osmosis ranges from 1.4 to 2.1 and 1.2 to 2.2 times faster than the normal consolidation using PVD only for undisturbed and reconstituted samples, respectively. The faster rate of consolidation and higher magnitude of settlement were achieved at a higher voltage gradient. Higher reduction of water content up to 9% and increase in shear strength up to 144% were obtained using electro-osmotic consolidation with PVD compared to using PVD only, especially when using the carbon electrode. The liquid limit, plastic limit, and plasticity index were increased due to increased salinity during electro-osmotic consolidation. With its total dissolved salts of 4050 ppm well below the 6000 ppm limit, the soft Bangkok clay is considered to be suitable for electro-osmotic consolidation.