(Received 9 February 2000; accepted 16 April 2001)
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Influence of layering and presence of rigid boundary in the soil mass on natural frequency and resonant amplitude are studied experimentally by conducting model block vibration tests in vertical mode. Tests are conducted on different layered beds prepared in a tank using a model footing. A Lazan type mechanical oscillator is used for inducing vibration and two different materials (sand and sawdust) are used to form a layered system. In total, 180 tests are conducted in different layering combinations and different static and dynamic loading combinations, and several important observations are reported. Damping factors are found to be within 6.5% for the entire test series, which indicates that radiation damping is insignificant in the test system. It is also found that layering including layer position and thickness has significant effect on natural frequency. Observed natural frequencies are also compared with the predicted one based on static equivalent stiffness; encouraging agreement between observed and predicted values are found.
Assistant professor, Indian Institute of Technology,
Manager, RITES, Highway Division, New Delhi,
Stock #: GTJ11138J