The Use of Miniature Pore Pressure Transducers in Measuring Matric Suction in Unsaturated Soils

    Volume 22, Issue 3 (September 1999)

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    CODEN: GTJOAD

    Page Count: 9


    Muraleetharan, KK
    Assistant professor, School of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK

    Granger, KK
    Project manager, Terracon, Oklahoma City, OK

    (Received 6 July 1998; accepted 29 March 1999)

    Abstract

    Matric suction (pore air pressure minus pore water pressure) is an important stress state variable in unsaturated soil mechanics. Currently available devices to measure matric suction suffer from one or more of the following: bulky construction, long time to reach equilibrium, high sensitivity to temperature, and inability to produce continuous output. Tests were conducted using a miniature pore pressure transducer (PDCR81), traditionally used to measure positive pore water pressures in saturated soils, to measure matric suction in unsaturated soils. The results were compared with measurements from a conventional Bourdon-type tensiometer. Due to the small volume of fluid in the measuring chamber, the PDCR81 reached equilibrium much faster than the tensiometer and is more responsive to changes in pore water pressure. However, incomplete saturation produced greater errors in PDCR81 measurements. An increase in the saturation fluid viscosity of the PDCR81 increased the time to reach and maintain equilibrium.


    Paper ID: GTJ11113J

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ11113J

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    Author
    Title The Use of Miniature Pore Pressure Transducers in Measuring Matric Suction in Unsaturated Soils
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18