Volume 21, Issue 2 (June 1998)

    Analysis of Bender Element Tests

    CODEN: GTJOAD

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    Abstract

    A study is presented of potential errors in, and methods of interpreting, the results of cantilever-type, piezoceramic bender element tests for measuring the shear wave velocity of laboratory soil specimens. Interpretations based on the first direct arrival in the output signal are often masked by near-field effects and may be difficult to define reliably. Interpretations based on characteristic points or cross-correlation between the input and output signals are shown to be theoretically incorrect in most cases because of: (1) the effects of wave interference at the boundaries; (2) the phase lag between the physical wave forms and the measured electrical signals; and (3) non-one-dimensional wave travel and near-field effects. Interpretations based on the second arrival in the output signal are theoretically subject to errors from non-one-dimensional wave travel and near-field effects. Differences in Vs values obtained by the different interpretation methods are illustrated analytically and experimentally.


    Author Information:

    Arulnathan, R
    Graduate student and assistant professor, University of California, Davis, CA

    Boulanger, RW
    Graduate student and assistant professor, University of California, Davis, CA

    Riemer, MF
    Adjunct assistant professor, University of California, Berkeley, CA


    Stock #: GTJ10750J

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ10750J

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    Author
    Title Analysis of Bender Element Tests
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18