Volume 20, Issue 2 (June 1997)
Comparative Study on Physical Tests of Dispersibility of Soils Used for Earthfill Dams in Turkey
Use of dispersive clays in earthfill dams causes serious problems that may be difficult to solve later unless this type of soil is adequately defined and properly used. The problems may occur suddenly and cause catastrophic failures. In many countries, such problems have resulted in dam incidents or failures attributed to dispersive soils. This paper briefly presents tests to determine the dispersibility properties of soils and discusses their limitations as shown by the comparative study on crumb and pinhole tests. The study was based on test results of 352 samples belonging to 29 different projects currently under planning and design stages in Turkey. As a result of this study, it can be stated that the results of pinhole tests mainly confirm those of crumb tests, while some index tests do not provide a more reliable way to identify dispersive soils.