Triaxial Testing of Brittle Sandstone Using a Multiple Failure State Method

    Volume 10, Issue 4 (December 1987)

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    CODEN: GTJOAD

    Page Count: 5


    Cain, P
    Research scientist, Cape Breton Coal Research Laboratory, CRL, CANMET, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, Sydney, Nova Scotia

    Yuen, CMK
    Associate and geotechnical engineer, Golder Associates, Mississauga, Ontario

    Le Bel, GR
    Associate and geotechnical engineer, Golder Associates, Mississauga, Ontario

    Crawford, AM
    Associate professor and research assistant, University of Toronto, Ontario,

    Lau, DHC
    Associate professor and research assistant, University of Toronto, Ontario,

    Abstract

    The first phase of a recent research program undertaken to investigate sandstone/methane outbursts in coal bearing rocks required the use of a sandstone reference material in the development and trial of the testing procedures to be used. This was because the number of specimens of outburst-prone rocks from the affected mine was limited. Thus another goal of the first phase was to determine a triaxial testing method for characterizing rock properties that minimized the number of specimens required. The International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM) multiple failure state method is attractive in this regard because an approximate strength envelope can be determined from a single specimen.

    In this test program however the brittle nature of the reference material made control of failure by monitoring axial strain (the ISRM method) impossible; specimens always failed at the first, low or zero confinement, stage. An alternative method of detecting imminent failure in the specimen was developed and applied, yielding results almost identical to those obtained by conventional single state testing.


    Paper ID: GTJ10547J

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ10547J

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    Author
    Title Triaxial Testing of Brittle Sandstone Using a Multiple Failure State Method
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18