Volume 8, Issue 3 (September 1985)
Effect of Grain Characteristics on Liquefaction Potential—In Search of Standard Sand for Cyclic Strength
Since the original Monterey 0 sand, which had been used for cyclic triaxial testing system calibration, is not available any more, the search for an alternative sand was started. In order to provide useful information for the above purpose, liquefaction potentials were evaluated for Monterey 0 and 0/30 sands and for ASTM Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or 50-mm Cube) (C 109) Ottawa sands from various sources. The results clearly indicated that the liquefaction potential was very sensitive to slight changes in material properties (mean grain size, coefficient of uniformity, sphericity, and volume decrease potential).