Volume 35, Issue 4 (July 2012)

    A Review of the Sand Castle Test for Assessing Collapsibility of Filters in Dams

    (Received 20 February 2011; accepted 9 December 2011)

    Published Online: 2012

    CODEN: GTJOAD

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    Abstract

    The Sand Castle (SC) test is a simple test for recognition of collapsibility and self-healing in filter materials. The rather qualitative outcomes and dissimilar techniques implemented in conducting the test complicate judgment about filter performance from the viewpoint of crack-holding propensity. This paper reviews earlier research concerning SC testing and highlights its governing principles. Results of comprehensive SC tests with different methodologies are presented, and the role of various parameters in results of SC tests is elaborated. The influence of basic soil properties (such as water content, relative density, fines content, and plasticity of the fines) on the ability of filters to hold a crack are assessed. Recommendations for appropriate conduct of SC tests and acceptance criteria in relation to field performance are provided.


    Author Information:

    Soroush, Abbas
    Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir Univ. of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Tehran,

    Tabatabaie Shourijeh, Piltan
    Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir Univ. of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Tehran,

    Aghajani, Hamed Farshbaf
    Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir Univ. of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Tehran,

    Mohammadinia, Alireza
    Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir Univ. of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Tehran,

    Aminzadeh, Amir-Hossien
    Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Amirkabir Univ. of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic), Tehran,


    Stock #: GTJ103051

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ103051

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    Author
    Title A Review of the Sand Castle Test for Assessing Collapsibility of Filters in Dams
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18