Volume 32, Issue 2 (March 2009)
Development of a Direct Simple Shear Apparatus for Peat Soils
This paper discusses the design and development of a new direct simple shear (DSS) apparatus for testing peat soils. The apparatus has been designed to test peat at low effective stresses, representative of its in situ condition and allow the deformation of the specimen to be monitored. This device uses particle image velocimetry (PIV) image analysis techniques to monitor the side of the peat specimen and provide an insight into the behavior of peat during shearing. A set of comparative tests on reconstituted clay have been conducted with another widely used DSS apparatus and has shown both to yield similar undrained strength ratios (su/σvc′) for a range of stress levels. Application of the apparatus to peat soils is demonstrated by a set of tests on a high water content blanket bog peat. Analysis of these tests using the PIV technique reveals the complex shear strain and volumetric strain behavior of peat undergoing shearing. Identification of partial slippage of a specimen is also shown through these analyses.