Pile Settlement and Uplift in Liquefying Sand Deposit

    Volume 32, Issue 2 (March 2009)

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    CODEN: GTJOAD

    Published Online: 16 December 2008

    Page Count: 10


    Charlie, Wayne A.
    Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

    Allard, David J.
    Geotechnical Engineer, CH2M HILL, Tempe, AZ

    Doehring, Donald O.
    Emeritus Professor of Geosciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

    (Received 13 December 2007; accepted 22 October 2008)

    Abstract

    This paper describes a test program using explosives to induce excess pore pressure in a large deposit of saturated sand supporting two friction piles (W150×18 SI wide-flange beams). Variables studied were pile settlement and uplift versus the pore pressure ratio, initial static safety factor of the piles, and peak particle velocity. Little or no vertical pile movement occurred for the tension or compression pile when the pile-soil interface pore pressure ratio (PPR) was less than 0.2 or 0.5, respectively. The tension pile with a static safety factor of 1.4 uplifted over four times the pile’s width when the PPR exceeded about 0.6. The compression pile with a static safety factor of 2.7 settled 0.1 and 4 times the pile’s width when the PPR exceeded about 0.6 and 0.9, respectively. Results parallel earlier model laboratory studies.


    Paper ID: GTJ101636

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ101636

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    Author
    Title Pile Settlement and Uplift in Liquefying Sand Deposit
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18