Volume 32, Issue 4 (July 2009)

    Vertical Pullout Test for Measurement of Soil-Geomembrane Interface Friction Parameters

    (Received 25 November 2007; accepted 13 April 2009)

    Published Online: 2009


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    This paper presents a vertical pullout test (VPT) developed to measure the peak interface friction angle (δ) and adhesion (a) between soil and planar geosynthetic products. The key advantages of this test are (1) relatively low capital cost for the equipment, (2) relatively simple compared to the conventional methods, (3) the setup can be relatively easily adapted by small conventional soil testing laboratories, and (4) the setup can be transported to the field for field measurement for relatively quick preliminary evaluation of soils. The testing method was evaluated by comparing the δ and a obtained from the VPT to (1) those parameters measured using a conventional soil direct shear apparatus modified to also measure interface friction between planar geomembranes and soil according to ASTM D5321-02, and (2) values published in the literature. Three coarse-grained soils and three types of geomembranes having three sample sizes were evaluated using the pullout test. The peak interface parameters obtained from the VPT were within 12 % of the values obtained from the direct shear test.

    Author Information:

    El Mohtar, Chadi S.
    Assistant Professor, Dept. of Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

    Khire, Milind V.
    Professional EngineerAssociate Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Michigan State Univ., E. Lansing, MI

    Stock #: GTJ101593

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ101593

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    Title Vertical Pullout Test for Measurement of Soil-Geomembrane Interface Friction Parameters
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D35