Volume 32, Issue 2 (March 2009)

    Characterizing Bond Breakages in Cemented Sands Using a MEMS Accelerometer

    (Received 4 October 2008; accepted 22 October 2008)

    Published Online: 2008

    CODEN: GTJOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF Version 10 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    In this study, a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) accelerometer, MEMSA (1–3 kHz), and a commercially available piezoelectric acoustic emission (AE) sensor, PZT (125–750 kHz), were used to capture AE responses in uncemented and cemented sands during triaxial compression tests. The AE rates measured in the cemented sands by both sensors demonstrated a similar trend and showed a strong resemblance to the stress-strain response. The bond breakages and the associated AE activities were mild at small strains and increased afterwards to initiate yielding. After the peak stress, shear banding gradually formed and the AE rate distinctly dropped. These observations suggest that a MEMS accelerometer can function as an effective AE sensor to detect the bond-breakage process in cemented sands. In addition, a PZT is more sensitive to the AE detection for cemented sands but a MEMSA starts earlier to capture AE and also continue to capture AE from the shear band at large strains while the PZT only measures a few or no AE activities.


    Author Information:

    Wang, Y. H.
    Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, HKSAR,

    Ma, C. H.
    Formerly, Research Student, Department of Civil Engineering, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, HKSAR,

    Yan, W. M.
    Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Macau, Macau SAR,


    Stock #: GTJ101469

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ101469

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Characterizing Bond Breakages in Cemented Sands Using a MEMS Accelerometer
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18