Volume 32, Issue 1 (January 2009)

    Evaluation of Rock Bolt Integrity using Guided Ultrasonic Waves

    (Received 18 June 2007; accepted 24 July 2008)

    Published Online: 2008

    CODEN: GTJOAD

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    Abstract

    Rock bolts play a crucial role in reinforcement support systems for tunnels and rock slopes. In this study documented herein, guided ultrasonic waves are used to evaluate the integrity of rock bolts. The dispersion characteristics of the guided waves are identified by numerical simulations. Experimental studies using the transmission of guided waves are carried out with different defect ratios for grouted nonembedded rock bolts, and for rock bolts embedded into a concrete block and rock mass. Analytical solutions are suggested to estimate the equivalent velocity for both the grouted and the embedment portions. Numerical simulations reveal that the optimal frequency range of guided waves is 20∼70 kHz in the first longitudinal mode. Field and laboratory experimental studies and associated analyses show the velocity of guided waves increases as the defect ratio increases. The velocity for the grouted portion in the nonembedded rock bolts is essentially constant. However, the velocity in the embedment portion decreases with increasing embedment length due to the increase in the size of the influence zone. Results suggest that the integrity of rock bolts can be easily evaluated by the transmission method using guided waves.


    Author Information:

    Han, Shin-In
    Director, Seoyeong Engineeringformerly Korea University, Seoul,

    Lee, In-Mo
    Professor, Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, Seoul,

    Lee, Yong-Jun
    Deputy General Manager, POSCO Engineering & Construction Co. Ltd., Hwasung-City,

    Lee, Jong-Sub
    Associate Professor, Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, Seoul,


    Stock #: GTJ101311

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ101311

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    Author
    Title Evaluation of Rock Bolt Integrity using Guided Ultrasonic Waves
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18