Volume 11, Issue 3 (September 1988)

    Helical Probe Tests: Initial Test Calibration


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    Helical test probes of different sizes suitable for shallow (1.8-m) in-situ soil exploration and compaction control were developed and tested in different soils alongside traditional in-situ tests, including Standard Penetration tests (SPT), cone penetration tests (CPT), dilatometer tests (DMT), and in-situ density tests. The helical probe test (HPT) is a quick and economical test, which can be performed by a single person in less than 10 min, making it very attractive for construction field testing on geotechnical projects. The torque necessary to insert the probe is used as a measure of soil characteristics. Preliminary studies indicate that the HPT test correlates well with the SPT test and the correlation is not sensitive to the soil type (particle size); the HPT test correlates well with the CPT test, but the correlation is sensitive to the soil type; and the HPT/SPT and HPT/CPT correlations are consistent with existing data on SPT/CPT correlations. After site calibration, the HPT torque can be used to estimate relative compaction and in-situ density of compacted soils.

    Author Information:

    Yokel, FY
    Senior research civil engineer, Center for Building Technology, National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, MD

    Mayne, PW
    Graduate research assistant, Cornell University, Geotechnical Research Lab, Hollister Hall, Ithaca, NY

    Stock #: GTJ10004J

    ISSN: 0149-6115

    DOI: 10.1520/GTJ10004J

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    Title Helical Probe Tests: Initial Test Calibration
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee D18