An Ideal Material for the Preparation of Known Toolmark Test Impressions

    Volume 50, Issue 6 (November 2005)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Published Online: 7 September 2005

    Page Count: 4


    Petraco, ND
    Assistant Professor, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York, NY

    Petraco, N
    Forensic Consultant, NYPD Forensic Investigations Division, New York, NY

    Pizzola, PA
    Acting Director, NYPD Police Laboratory, Jamaica, New York

    (Received 26 February 2005; accepted 23 June 2005)

    Abstract

    Traditionally, toolmark test exemplars are produced by applying a tool's working surface to a piece of soft metal such as lead. Soft, pliable metals are primarily used for this purpose because they will replicate the microscopic grooves present on a tool's working surface without damaging the tool. In this paper the authors present an alternative material for the preparation of test toolmarks. Jewelry modeling or carving waxes are utilized in this study. These waxes are designed for the jewelry modeling industry to create very fine, highly detailed wax models of jewelry pieces that will be cast in various metals utilizing the lost wax casting method. Jeweler's waxes have been found to be ideal for preparing test toolmarks from exemplar tools. The test tool's working surface is applied to a piece of the appropriate wax in a manner consistent with the tool's design. The replicas obtained are exact, highly detailed, 1:1, negative impressions of the exemplar tools working surface, have a long shelf-life, and are suitable for use in toolmark examination and comparison cases.


    Paper ID: JFS2005087

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS2005087

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    Author
    Title An Ideal Material for the Preparation of Known Toolmark Test Impressions
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30