Accumulation of Explosives in Hair

    Volume 50, Issue 4 (July 2005)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Published Online: 25 May 2005

    Page Count: 6


    Oxley, JC
    University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI

    Smith, JL
    University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI

    Shinde, KP
    University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI

    Kirschenbaum, LJ
    University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI

    Marimganti, S
    University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI

    (Received 17 December 2004; accepted 12 March 2005)

    Abstract

    The sorption of explosives (TNT, RDX, PETN, TATP, EGDN) to hair during exposure to their vapors is examined. Three colors of hair were simultaneously exposed to explosive vapor. Following exposure of hair, the sorbed explosive was removed by extraction with acetonitrile and quantified. Results show that sorption of explosives, via vapor diffusion, to black hair is significantly greater than to blond, brown or bleached hair. Furthermore, the rate of sorption is directly related to the vapor density of the explosive: EGDN>TATP⋙TNT⪢PETN>RDX. In some cases, the explosive-containing hair was subject to repeated washings with sodium dodecylsulfate or simply left out in an open area to determine the persistence of the explosive contamination. While explosive is removed from hair with time or washing, some persists. These results indicate that hair can be a useful indicator of explosive exposure/handling.


    Paper ID: JFS2004545

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS2004545

    ASTM International
    is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Accumulation of Explosives in Hair
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30