Volume 49, Issue 4 (July 2004)
Review of: Introduction to Environmental Forensics
Since the passage of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act or CERCLA, commonly referred to as Superfund, the interest in and demand for forensic analyses of environmental problems has grown dramatically. The 1980 law established prohibitions and requirements concerning closed and abandoned hazardous waste sites; provided for liability of persons responsible for releases of hazardous waste at these sites; and established a trust fund to provide for cleanup when no responsible party could be identified. The act was amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) in 1986 to increase the involvement of state governments, and many states have environmental regulations mirroring the federal Superfund rules. In addition to assigning responsibility for Superfund sites, there is a demand for forensic scientists to assist in the identification of entities responsible for marine spills, and for the assessment of real estate prior to sale.