Volume 49, Issue 6 (November 2004)

    Trace Analysis of Peroxide Explosives by High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (HPLC-APCI-MS/MS) for Forensic Applications

    (Received 30 December 2003; accepted 20 June 2004)

    Published Online: November

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    An HPLC-APCI-MS(/MS) method for the (trace) analysis of the most commonly encountered peroxide explosives, hexamethylenetriperoxidediamine (HMTD) and triacetonetriperoxide (TATP), has been developed. With this method, HMTD and TATP have been analyzed in the same run. (Pseudo-)molecular ions of these peroxides have been obtained as base peak under the same condition. A series of product ions was produced from these pseudo-molecular ions ([HMTD-1]+ and [TATP + NH4]+) in the MS/MS analysis. We also pioneeredin showing that TATP molecular ion [TATP-H]+ can be observed with HPLC-MS/MS. The limit of detection for HMTD and TATP was 0.26 and 3.3 ng, respectively, on column by HPLC-MS in the Full Scan mode and 0.08 and 0.8, respectively, by HPLC-APCI-MS/MS in Selected Reaction Monitoring (single ass unit) mode. The method presented has been applied successfully for the identification of peroxides in the bulk solid state (powder sample), as well as in post-blast extracts originating from a forensic case. For the post-blast extracts, the use of tandem MS has been shown clearly to be of crucial importance for the identification and detection of the peroxide explosives.


    Author Information:

    van de Craats, AM
    Netherlands Forensic Institute,

    Kok, EM
    Netherlands Forensic Institute,

    de Bruyn, PCAM
    Netherlands Forensic Institute,

    Xu, X
    Netherlands Forensic Institute,


    Stock #: JFS2003440

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS2003440

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    Title Trace Analysis of Peroxide Explosives by High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (HPLC-APCI-MS/MS) for Forensic Applications
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30