Volume 48, Issue 3 (May 2003)
Exsanguination by Subclavian-esophageal Fistula Associated with a Left Subclavian Aneurysm
Aortic aneurysms are a common autopsy finding, but aneurysms confined exclusively to the subclavian arteries are rare. When found, they are typically associated with trauma, surgery, or aberrant vessel distribution. Subclavian-esophageal fistula formation is also rare, with the vast majority being related to aberrant vessel distribution or esophageal foreign bodies. Dicle et al. first reported a subclavian-esophageal fistula associated with a non-aberrant subclavian artery aneurysm in 1999 (1). The following case would mark the second report of that phenomenon, and the first in the setting of a forensic autopsy.