Volume 43, Issue 3 (May 1998)

    Forensic Analyses of Suspect Illicit Nuclear Material

    (Received 23 July 1997; accepted 26 September 1997)

    Published Online: May

    CODEN: JFSOAD

      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 9 $25   ADD TO CART


    Abstract

    A small metal sample, alleged to be a substance that could substitute for highly enriched uranium in a nuclear weapon, was subjected to qualitative and quantitative forensic analyses using methods of materials science, radioisotopic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, and organic chemistry. The specimen was determined to be moderately pure Sc, likely derived from a uranium refining operation. Although no fissionable species or weaponization signatures were detected, the sample did exhibit some unusual properties. These anomalies included lanthanide fractionation, with concentrations of Dy, Ho, and Er elevated by factors greater than 100 over normal levels, and the presence of long, odd-chain fatty acids.


    Author Information:

    Volpe, AM
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Alcaraz, A
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Andresen, BD
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Phinney, DL
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Klunder, GL
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Hutcheon, ID
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Andrews, JE
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Oldani, JJ
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Haas, JS
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Moody, KJ
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Stoyer, N
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Grant, PM
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Russo, RE
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Whipple, RE
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA

    Cantlin, S
    Deputy director, radiochemist, materials scientist, materials scientist, chemist, chemist, metallurgist, chemist, radiochemist, chemist, chemist, laser specialist, chemist, director, and nuclear engineer, Forensic Science Center, L-178, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA


    Stock #: JFS16201J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS16201J

    ASTM International
    is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Forensic Analyses of Suspect Illicit Nuclear Material
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30