Volume 47, Issue 5 (September 2002)
Optimum Methamphetamine Profiling with Sample Preparation by Solid-Phase Microextraction
Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) is a relatively new technique in which a small, polymer-coated fiber is employed to extract volatile and semivolatile organic compounds from the sealed headspace above a questioned sample. SPME, coupled with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), was used to characterize impurities in illicit methamphetamine samples. Trace impurities present in a specimen were ten-tatively identified using mass-spectral databases and included 1,2-dimethyl-3-phenyl-aziridine (indicating synthesis via a halogenated ephedrine in-termediate), ethyl vanillin (a flavoring compound), and caffeine (a stimulant used as cutting agent). The types and numbers of organic compounds sampled by SPME were compared with those collected by various solvent extraction protocols. In addition to unambiguously confirming the pres-ence of methamphetamine, SPME-GC/MS analyses detected approximately 30 more organic analytes than were found by GC/MS following the ethyl acetate extraction method adopted by the United Nations International Drug Control Programme. SPME-GC/MS is a superior method for gen-erating material “fingerprint” profiles in methamphetamine samples. The detection and characterization of increased points of comparison in drug samples provide more detailed chemical signatures for both intelligence and operational information.