Validation of Chest X-ray Comparisonsfor Unknown Decedent Identification

    Volume 47, Issue 4 (July 2002)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Published Online: 2 July 2002

    Page Count: 5


    Wilson, AJ
    Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA

    Kuehn, CM
    University of Washington, Seattle, WA

    Mann, FA
    Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA

    Taylor, KM
    King County Medical Examiner's Office, Seattle, WA

    Harruff, RC
    King County Medical Examiner's Office, Seattle, WA

    (Received 4 January 2002; accepted 28 December 2001)

    Abstract

    Comparing skeletal structures between antemortem and postmortem chest radiographs is widely used by forensic specialists from many disciplines to positively identify unknown decedents. However, validity assessments of this method have been fairly limited. This study had three objectives: 1) to quantify the reliability of ante- and postmortem chest radiograph comparison for decedent identification; 2) to identify useful radiologic features supporting decedent identification; and 3) to recognize sources of error in decedent identification related to use of comparative radiographs. A forensic pathologist, a forensic anthropologist, and two radiologists participated in the study. Our results showed that chest radiograph comparisons proved reliable, if basic decedent information was provided, and antemortem and postmortem radiographs were adequately positioned and exposed. A "morphological approach" using normal anatomical structures for comparison may provide the most efficient method for accurate identification.


    Paper ID: JFS15450J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS15450J

    ASTM International
    is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Validation of Chest X-ray Comparisonsfor Unknown Decedent Identification
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30