Volume 47, Issue 3 (May 2002)

    Handguns and Ammunitions Indicators Extracted from the GSR Analysis

    (Received 4 October 2001; accepted 15 September 2001)

    Published Online: May


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 11 $25   ADD TO CART


    The computer automated scanning electron microscope, X-ray microanalysis of Firearms Discharge Residue (FDR) can reveal substantial information about the circumstances of their generation beyond the presence of characteristic gunshot residue (GSR). Indicators of the type of weapon and ammunition used can be obtained from the distribution of GSR particle shapes and from the multi-element analysis of the FDR sample. This is demonstrated for a large database of GSR samples from nine different handguns and over 60 different ammunitions. An example classification scheme is presented for the supporting particles generally found present in FDR. When particle type area concentration ratios are normalized to the iron (Fe) particle type, results show it is possible to distinguish much about the metal used in the weapon manufacture, whether it was of large or small caliber, whether the bullets were jacketed or plated, and whether the cartridge cases were of aluminum, brass, or nickel-plated brass. Standardization of such analytical schemes would be advantageous.

    Author Information:

    Johnson, DL
    SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, NY

    Lebiedzik, J
    Advanced Research Instruments Corp., Wheat Ridge, CO

    Stock #: JFS15289J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS15289J

    ASTM International
    is a member of CrossRef.

    Title Handguns and Ammunitions Indicators Extracted from the GSR Analysis
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30