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    Volume 46, Issue 6 (November 2001)

    Earmarks as Evidence: A Critical Review

    (Received 9 November 2000; accepted 1 March 2001)


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    The use of earmarks as evidence in criminal trials appears to be expanding, but there is something of a dearth of peer-reviewed scientific publications to support the pursuit. This paper is a critical review of the current literature in which we emphasize the weaknesses of the present state of knowledge. Some research directions are proposed to gather statistical knowledge of the within-source and between-source variability of earmarks and earprints. Its ultimate goal is to be able to assess likelihood ratios in relation to this type of evidence.

    Author Information:

    Kuchler, B
    Institut de Police Scientifique et de Criminologie, Batiment de chimie, Lausanne-Dorigny,

    Champod, C
    The Forensic Science Service, Trident Court, Solihull Parkway, Birmingham Business Park, Solihull,

    Evett, IW
    The Forensic Science Service, London,

    Stock #: JFS15146J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS15146J

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    Title Earmarks as Evidence: A Critical Review
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30