(Received 9 November 2000; accepted 1 March 2001)
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The use of earmarks as evidence in criminal trials appears to be expanding, but there is something of a dearth of peer-reviewed scientific publications to support the pursuit. This paper is a critical review of the current literature in which we emphasize the weaknesses of the present state of knowledge. Some research directions are proposed to gather statistical knowledge of the within-source and between-source variability of earmarks and earprints. Its ultimate goal is to be able to assess likelihood ratios in relation to this type of evidence.
Institut de Police Scientifique et de Criminologie, Batiment de chimie, Lausanne-Dorigny,
The Forensic Science Service, Trident Court, Solihull Parkway, Birmingham Business Park, Solihull,
The Forensic Science Service, London,
Stock #: JFS15146J