Volume 46, Issue 4 (July 2001)

    Machine Washing or Brushing of Clothing and Its Influence on Shooting Distance Estimation

    (Received 19 May 2000; accepted 8 August 2000)

    CODEN: JFSOAD

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    Abstract

    Experiments were conducted to assess the effect of machine washing or brushing of clothing items on Gunshot Residue (GSR) patterns (gunpowder residues, lead, and copper deposits) around bullet entrance holes. Results show that those treatments decrease considerably the amount and density of GSR. However, for close shooting distances not all of the GSR deposits are removed. Remaining patterns may be visualized by specific color reactions and used for shooting distance estimation.


    Author Information:

    Koffman, A
    Scientific officer, Weapons Identification Laboratory, Jerusalem,

    Rosengarten, A
    Head, Fibers, and Polymers Laboratory, Division of Identification and Forensic Science, Israel Police, National Headquarters, Jerusalem,

    Vinokurov, A
    Scientific officers and head, Toolmarks and Materials Laboratory, Jerusalem,

    Zeichner, A
    Assistant director for R & D, Weapons Identification Laboratory, Jerusalem,

    Glattstein, B
    Scientific officers and head, Toolmarks and Materials Laboratory, Jerusalem,

    Levin, N
    Scientific officers and head, Toolmarks and Materials Laboratory, Jerusalem,


    Stock #: JFS15072J

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS15072J

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    Author
    Title Machine Washing or Brushing of Clothing and Its Influence on Shooting Distance Estimation
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30