Hyperostosis Cranii Ex Vacuo in Adults: A Consequence of Brain Atrophy from Diverse Causes

    Volume 46, Issue 2 (March 2001)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Page Count: 4


    Falsetti, AB
    C.A. Pound Human Identification Laboratory, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL

    Wolf, DA
    University of South Alabama Medical Center, Mobile, AL

    (Received 8 February 2000; accepted 15 May 2000)

    Abstract

    Hyperostosis cranii ex vacuo is diffuse thickening of the bones of the cranium occurring after successful ventricular shunting in hydrocephalic children, presumably as a compensatory phenomenon. We present three adults with severe brain atrophy and correspondingly severe skull thickening. In each, the cause of cerebral atrophy was well defined, and none had undergone ventricular shunting. In two, brain atrophy resulted from different temporally discrete insults sustained in adult life, ischemic in one and traumatic in the other. In the third case, progressive brain atrophy resulted from a primary neurodegenerative disorder, Hallervordan Spatz disease. Our observations suggest that hyperostosis cranii ex vacuo is a more general phenomenon than has been previously recognized, and point to a relationship between dynamic changes in brain size and skull thickness. We suggest that such relationships should be taken into account in anthropometric evaluation of the skull.


    Paper ID: JFS14975J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14975J

    ASTM International
    is a member of CrossRef.

    Author
    Title Hyperostosis Cranii Ex Vacuo in Adults: A Consequence of Brain Atrophy from Diverse Causes
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30