The Application of Signal Detection Theory to Decision-Making in Forensic Science

    Volume 46, Issue 2 (March 2001)

    ISSN: 0022-1198

    CODEN: JFSOAD

    Page Count: 15


    Peterson, JL
    Professor of Criminal Justice, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL

    Saks, MJ
    Professor of Law and Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ

    Phillips, VL
    Visiting professor, Arizona State University, East Campus, Mesa, AZ

    (Received 17 December 1999; accepted 24 March 2000)

    Abstract

    Signal Detection Theory (SDT) has come to be used in a wide variety of fields where noise and imperfect signals present challenges to the task of separating hits and correct rejections from misses and false alarms. The application of SDT helps illuminate and improve the quality of decision-making in those fields in a number of ways. The present article is designed to make SDT more accessible to forensic scientists by: (a) explaining what SDT is and how it works, (b) explicating the potential usefulness of SDT to forensic science, (c) illustrating SDT analysis using forensic science data, and (d) suggesting ways to gain the benefits SDT analyses in the course of carrying out existing programs of quality assessment and other research on forensic science examinations.


    Paper ID: JFS14962J

    DOI: 10.1520/JFS14962J

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    Title The Application of Signal Detection Theory to Decision-Making in Forensic Science
    Symposium , 0000-00-00
    Committee E30